Calotropis is primarily harvested owing to its distinct medicinal attributes. It is commonly referred to as ark, swallow-wart or milkweed. It is regularly located in Indonesia, Malaysia, China, Indian subcontinent as wasteland weed. Calotropis belongs to the Ark or Asclepiadaceae household and is mostly distribute across in the tropics and sub-tropics and not often in the cold regions of the planet. The ark plant with white flowers is a exceptional range and is referred to as Calotropis procera even though the 1 with lavender shade flowers is referred to as Calotropis gigantea. Its milky latex is loaded in lupeol, calotropin, calatoxin and uscharin.
The plant is toxic and is just one of the handful of vegetation not consumed by the grazing animals. Owing to its toxicity the latex extracted from the stem was typically made use of to make poison arrows. The extracts from diverse parts of the ark plant are of a great deal healing price. The entire plant when dried and consumed is a very good tonic, antihelmintic and an expectorant. The roots other than currently being endowed with similar features serves as an productive laxative. Usually the dried root is powdered and proficiently made use of to get rid of bronchitis, asthma, leprosy, eczema and elephantiasis. The ark latex is processed and finds use in managing vertigo, baldness, hair tumble, tooth aches, intermittent fevers, rheumatoid /joint swellings and paralysis. Leaves of ark are heated in oil and are of much medicinal price in managing joint agony and in decrease its swelling. Aside from Ayurveda, Homeopathy also would make use of Calotropis as medicine. The pungent latex extracted from the leaves and flowers of Calotropis procera is processed and utilized in the commercial preparation of eye tonics. The alcoholic extracts of the vegetation have known to induce spermicidal and anti-microbial homes as nicely. Analyze on the ovariectomized feminine rats with the alcoholic extract of Calotropis procera is identified to simulate the estrogenic exercise in the reproductive track. This was obvious from the greater protein content material and elevated uterine body weight of the concentrate on animal less than analyze. In addition there was alteration in the biochemical setting of the monitor which most likely prospects to antifertility.
The inner bark of Calotropis is utilized to make strong fibers termed madar and is made use of to make weave carpets, ropes, stitching thread and fishing nets.
On the other hand the side effects of its use it is reported to have induced blisters, lesions and eruptions when eaten by people on cure of joint pains and gastrointestinal conditions. The preparations of Calotropis procera is to be used less than the thorough surveillance of a capable clinical practitioner. Calotropis is a home to a lot of insects.